Virology. 1995 Dec 20;214(2):685-9.

Infectious proviral clones of chimpanzee foamy virus (SFVcpz) generated by long PCR reveal close functional relatedness to human foamy virus.

Herchenröder O, Turek R, Neumann-Haefelin D, Rethwilm A, Schneider J.
Infectious proviral clones of simian foamy virus isolated from chimpanzee (SFVcpz) were generated by long PCR. Two overlapping fragments representing the complete provirus were amplified from genomic DNA of infected cells. Four 8.8-kbp amplimers extending from base 1 of the provirus into the env gene and five 4.45-kbp amplimers reaching from env to the end of the 3'-LTR were cloned into pCR II. Subsequently, the proviral fragments were combined in a chessboard manner to generate 20 plasmids containing full-length proviral DNA. Four plasmids produced infectious virus after transfection of susceptible cells. A distinct proviral form bearing a deletion in the transactivator gene joining both exons of a second regulatory gene present in wild-type foamy virus-infected cells started to emerge 48 hr after transfection of BHK cells with infectious SFVcpz DNA. This observation supports a novel hypothesis to explain establishment of foamy virus latency. The transactivator protein Taf of SFVcpz transcomplemented for the homologous protein Bel-1 of the unique human foamy virus isolate (HFV) and Bel-1 exhibited the reciprocal activity, suggesting that HFV could represent a variant of chimpanzee foamy virus.
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Isolation, cloning, and sequencing of simian foamy viruses from chimpanzees (SFVcpz): high homology to human foamy virus (HFV).
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